Truman and Acheson decided to delineate the Western sphere of influence and to create a system of alliances. Analyses ranges from Michael Hogan's belief that NSC portrayed the threat "in the worst light possible" to providing an accurate picture of a genuine and growing threat. Willard Thorp questioned its contention that the "USSR is steadily reducing the discrepancy between its overall economic strength and that of the United States.
Steel production in the US outpaced the Soviet Union by 2 million tons; stockpiling of goods and oil production both far exceeded Soviet amounts. Additionally, he recommended that the United States work toward creating divisions within the Soviet bloc by undermining its power in Eastern Europe and encouraging the independent propensities of satellite governments.
Truman sent it back for further review until he finally approved it in I should have explained that I didn't suspect them of any desire to launch an attack on us. After the long telegram, he recalled later, "My official loneliness came in fact to an end Indeed, primary sources must be read carefully, in order to recognize themes or motifs.
The folly of the First World War as a choice of policy; he argues that the costs of modern war, direct and indirect, predictably exceeded the benefits of eliminating the Hohenzollerns.
The programs would cost a significant portion of U. You never know where you are going to end. It was evident that the limits the President had previously set on defense spending would not be compatible with NSC It had to overcome isolationists, including Senator Robert A.
In SeptemberTito held a conference of nonaligned nations, where he delivered speeches that the U.
Kennan acknowledged retrospectively that it was a "foolish thing for me to have said". A thorough knowledge of this document is required in understanding U. He believed that it was not specific about which programs would be affected or changed and it also didn't go well with his previous defense spending limits.
National leaders have too much to do to give any single matter the constant and flexible attention which diplomatic problems require.
Soviet pressure against the free institutions of the Western world is something that can be contained by the adroit and vigilant application of counterforce at a series of constantly shifting geographical and political points, corresponding to the shifts and manoeuvers of Soviet policy, but which cannot be charmed or talked out of existence.
This is significant because firstly, the Soviet Union is identified in the document as the antithesis of the United States, and secondly, the Soviet Union is committed to extending its sphere of influence.
In NSC, it can be defined as "a policy of calculated and gradual coercion.
In the ensuing two months, little progress was made on the report. Kennan's theory of containment articulated a multifaceted approach for U.
Anyone who has ever studied the history of American diplomacy, especially military diplomacy, knows that you might start in a war with certain things on your mind as a purpose of what you are doing, but in the end, you found yourself fighting for entirely different things that you had never thought of before Although not made public, NSC was manifested in subsequent increases in America's conventional and nuclear capabilities, thereby adding to the country's financial burden.
Kennan went on to warn: Taftwho wanted less world involvement, as well as intense anti-Communists such as James Burnham who proposed an alternative strategy of rollback that would eliminate Communism or perhaps launch a preemptive war.
The actual gap is widening in our favor. Kennan's influential "X" article advocated a policy of containment towards the Soviet Union. By June, Nitze had practically given up on it. The State Department and the White House used the North Korean attack of June and the see-saw battles during the first few months of the Korean War to steer congressional and public opinion toward a course of rearmament between the two poles of preventive war and isolationism.
This policy also earned Tito "credit in the Kremlin to be drawn upon against future Chinese attacks on his communist credentials". Averell Harrimanthe U.Acheson's policy was realized as NSC 68, a classified report issued by the United States National Security Council in April and written by Paul Nitze, Kennan's successor as Director of Policy agronumericus.coment: Harry S.
Truman. National Security Council Report 68 (NSC) was a page top secret policy paper issued by the United States National Security Council on April 14,during the presidency of Harry S.
Truman. It was one of the most significant statements of American policy in the Cold War. United States Objectives and Programs for National Security, better known as NSC 68, was a page top secret National Security Council (NSC) policy paper drafted by the Department of State and Department of Defense and presented to President Harry S.
Truman on 7 April Deputy Secretary of Defense Paul H. Nitze, third from left, at a National Security Council meeting on February 7, dilemmas and laying out the logical (in his view) solutions to these dilemmas.
Only one of these, NSC 68, is easily available online. Library of Congress, Paul Nitze Papers. NSC, National Security Council Paper NSC (entitled “United States Objectives and Programs for National Security” and frequently referred to as NSC) was a Top-Secret report completed by the U.S.
Department of State’s Policy Planning Staff on April 7, with analyses by Paul n. Nitze Edited by S. Nelson Drew. NSC FORGING THE STRATEGY States and the Public Papers of the Presidents.
The FORGING THE STRATEGY OF CONTAINMENT. PART I: INTRODUCTION PAUL NITZE AND THE LEGACY OF NSC S. Nelson Drew As America emerged from World War II, it was evident that a new world order was taking.Download